Ivan Khafizov resides in Lobnya, in an apartment on the 5th flooring. He does not have a wood residence, and his parents never ever stayed in one. He enjoys wood residences and also their nalichniki– carved wood window borders– so much that he has actually devoted his life to examining as well as shielding them.
Khafizov’s rate of interest in nalichniki started in 2007 when he worked for an IT-company and went on a business journey to Engels in the Saratov area. On a warm July day he walked around the city as well as took images of magnificently enhanced home windows. A couple of days later he mosted likely to the Nizhny Novgorod and Vladimir regions, where he saw them once again.
” When I returned residence as well as laid out the pictures, I realized that nalichniki were various. I was curious about them and went to the collection to learn more,” Ivan Khafizov stated.
First, he published photos to LiveJournal, and afterwards produced a digital gallery. Since then, Ivan Khafizov has actually taken greater than 20 thousand pictures of nalichniki.
Tomsk Thanks To Ivan Khafizov
Background of a folk art No person understands where nalichniki originated from. There is one version that they came from Italy, where attractive window surrounds were made from stone. Professionals take into consideration that the very first Russian structures with stone nalichniki were the Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye and the belfry of Ivan the Great in the Kremlin, both developed initially of the 16th century.
Stone was expensive, and just boyars and also nobles could pay for to embellish home windows with rock nalichniki. The peasants began to make wood ones. The very first wooden nalichniki go back to the end of the 17th century, yet they came to be widespread only in the 19th century.
In one more variation, the Nizhny Novgorod region was the homeland of Russia’s nalichniki. Woodcarvers began to decorate houses instead when ships began to be made of steel in the center of the 19th century. This type of embellishment became popular really rapidly.
In each city or town, the tale of nalichniki is distinct. “In Siberia, there was no shortage of material: resinous conifers are best for nalichniki,” Ivan Khafizov told The Moscow Times. “That’s why there are lots of nalichniki in Irkutsk and Tomsk. In Pereslavl-Zalessky, there are virtually none since practically no highly enhanced homes were constructed in the 19th century. In Kursk, Smolensk, St. Petersburg, and a few other cities several wooden homes burned down during the Great Patriotic War,” he claimed.
Berezyovsky, Sverdlovsk oblast Courtesy of Ivan Khafizov Regional, one-of-a-kind and also local Khafizov states that he has not yet generate a good category system. He came up with a system in which the primary standard was complexity. Then, he said, “the extra I photographed, the extra I recognized that some nalichniki that I put in the most tough group truly weren’t as unique as others. For example, in the Bryansk area there is a nalichnik that is simply a triangle over the home window. Really laconic, however that’s what makes it attractive,” he stated.
Tomsk Courtesy of Ivan Khafizov Currently he types by location due to the fact that different negotiations have their very own style of nalichniki. For example, in Siberia as well as Nizhny Novgorod you discover flat carving, like bachelor’s degree reliefs. In the republics of Buryatia, Udmurtia, and also Tatarstan, cutout sculpting was a lot more prominent: wood is sawn via to offer the result of shoelace.
” I noticed that individuals recognize the accessories common of their region, yet there is no association with a certain city, the method matryoshkas (nesting dolls) are associated with Semyonovo. The nalichnik was never ever signed up as a people craft, and also, in my viewpoint, this is an omission,” Khafizov stated.
The makings consist of flowers, swirls, celebrities, and various other forms that recommend amulets. Nevertheless, according to Khafizov, until the 1980s, no one suggested that the patterns meant something.
The ornamentation relied on the carver’s creative imagination. The artisans sought ideas in day-to-day things– embroidery, packs of soap or tea. In addition, nalichniki were made by artels, which obtained patterns from another.
yet the pandemic transformed his plans
. Instead, he stayed at home as well as worked on mini designs. Currently he generates 6 laser-cut prototypes of real nalichniki from various areas of Russia. The customer receives a collection of parts, adhesive, paint, as well as detailed
instructions. Each version has to do with 28 x 28 cm and also is put together like Legos.” I want to create a sign for nalichniki preservation, because it is the living history of our times,” Ivan Khafizov said.